Internet Of Things(IoT)
Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data, and Analytics are all emerging areas of growth and promise. While the market value and potential are high and the use cases seem apparent, businesses are looking to improve the real business results and value generated in IoT projects. There is a need for new kinds of analytics platforms and tools to help them achieve their objectives quickly. IoT brings a different level of challenge. In IoT, we will end up dealing with an enormous amount of data that has a high degree of variance over speeds, feeds and data cycles. As we see millions and billions of devices in IoT being connected, each passing moment we see an overwhelming amount of new data generated which can bring more insights. Operations managers would like to leverage this data to detect anomalies, predict problems early, mitigate any disruption of service, and provide new customer experiences. In addition to the explosion of data, the business environment and conditions are changing more quickly. Real-time decision-making and rapid responses to competitive and operational challenges are required in this new environment. Organizations need to take action and be nimble to react to the environment and address IoT challenges to find insights and value.
IoT can play an important role in the integration of communications, control, and information processing across various transportation. Application of the IoT extends to all aspects of transportation systems (i.e. the vehicle and the driver or user). Dynamic interaction between these components of a transport system enables inter and vehicular communication, smart traffic control, smart parking,
electronic, logistic and fleet management, vehicle control, and safety and road assistance. Modern automobiles are equipped with sensors that are connected to the internet through control systems. Some of the sensors used in automobiles with their positions. IoT plays an important role in road safety- systems. Such as collision election, lane change warning, traffic signal control, intelligent traffic scheduling.
The Environmental monitoring applications of the IoT typically use sensors to assist in environmental protection by monitoring atmospheric situations. like monitoring the movements of wildlife and their habitats. The physical devices connected to the Internet which are used as warning systems can also be used by emergency services to provide more effective aid.
Monitoring and control operations of rural infrastructures like bridges, railway tracks. It is a key application of the IoT. The IoT infrastructure can be used for monitoring any events or changes in structural conditions that can compromise safety and increase risk. It can also be used for scheduling repair and maintenance activities in an efficient manner, by coordinating tasks between different service providers and users of these facilities. IoT devices can also be used to control critical
infrastructure like bridges to provide access to ships. Usage of IoT devices for monitoring and operating infrastructure is likely to improve management and emergency response coordination, and quality of service, up-times and reduce costs of operation in all infrastructure related areas.
The IoT enables the quick manufacturing of new products and real-time optimization of manufacturing production and supply by using networking machinery, sensors, and control systems together IoT helps in digital control systems to automate the process, to optimize the plant safety and security are interlinked with the IoT. Measurements, automated controls, plant optimization, health and safety management, and other functions are provided by a large number of networked sensors.
The national science foundation established an industry/University cooperative Research center on intelligent maintenance systems(IMS). The vision is to achieve near-zero breakdown using IoT-based manufacturing. In the future, we can see thee-manufacturing plants and e-maintenance activities.
Home automation is the residential extension of building automation. It involves the control and automation of lighting, heating, ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC), and security, as well as home appliances such as washer/dryers, ovens or refrigerators/freezers. They use Wi-Fi for remote monitoring and are a part of the Internet of things.
BENEFITS OF IOT
- Quick manufacturing of new products in manufacturing plants with proper accuracy.
- Use for patient monitoring in hospitals.
- It can be used as home security devices.
- It can help in individual tracking in shipping.
- IoT systems deliver faster and accurately with minimum utilization of energy, this improves quality of life.
- By using IoT in transportation causes minimize traffic jams and collisions.
- Transfer the data from one to other people.
The IoT has the potential to dramatically increase the availability of information and is likely to transform companies and organizations in virtually every industry around the world. As such, finding ways to leverage the power of the IoT is expected to factor into the strategic objectives of most technology companies, regardless of their industry focus. The number of different technologies required to support the deployment and further growth of the IoT places a premium on interoperability and has resulted in widespread efforts to develop standards and technical specifications that support seamless communication between IoT devices and components. Collaboration between various standards development groups and the consolidation of some current efforts will eventually result in greater clarity for IoT technology companies.
UL is committed to the continued development and widespread deployment of technologies in support of the IoT ecosystem. UL senior technical experts serve in key leadership positions in many of the current standards development efforts,
including the OIC, the Thread Group, the NFC Forum, and the Air Fuel Alliance. UL is also just one of two NFC Forum-authorized testing laboratories in North America and is the exclusive testing partner for the Thread Group’s recently announced certification program. UL has extensive experience in IoT technologies and can conduct testing at locations throughout North America, the European Union, and Asia.