Why Cyber Security Is a Great Career Option for Military Veterans

What is actually  a Cyber Security Is ?

Cyber security is the practice of protecting  computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious attacks  or  attack form unauthorized user . It is well  known as information technology security or electronic information security. In other word we can say that cyber security is just wall protector from unknown user and they can helps to reduce the any type cyber attack and it protect the whole digital world. Cyber Security  can be divided in some common category. Here we will discuss why Cyber Security for Army Personnel is beneficial.

  • Network security is the practice of securing a computer network from intruders, whether targeted attackers or opportunistic malware  .
  • Application security focuses on keeping software and devices free of threats. A compromised application could provide access to the data its designed to protect. Successful security begins in the design stage, well before a program or device is deployed.
  • Information security protects the integrity and privacy of data, both in storage and in transit.
  • Operational security includes the processes and decisions for handling and protecting data assets. The permissions users have when accessing a network and the procedures that determine how and where data may be stored or shared all fall under this umbrella.
  • Disaster recovery and business continuity define how an organization responds to a cyber-security incident or any other event that causes the loss of operations or data. Disaster recovery policies dictate how the organization restores its operations and information to return to the same operating capacity as before the event. Business continuity is the plan the organization falls back on while trying to operate without certain resources.
  • End-user education addresses the most unpredictable cyber-security factor: people. Anyone can accidentally introduce a virus to an otherwise secure system by failing to follow good security practices. Teaching users to delete suspicious email attachments, not plug in unidentified USB drives, and various other important lessons is vital for the security of any organization.                                                      5

 5 Reasons why  Military Veterans Are a Great Fit for Cybersecurity Carrier

Veterans of all military branches and occupational specialties have advanced training in both hard skills and soft skills.

However, this is also good news for the majority of veterans on a personal level.  more than 50% of people transitioning to civilian life want to do something totally different than they did while active duty, according to LinkedIn’s recent Veteran Opportunity Report.

cyber security for army personnel

In some report we  found that the three industries hiring veterans the most are defense and space, utilities, and government administration. This is interesting because these are also three of the sectors most in need of cybersecurity expertise today. Banking and finance, healthcare, and retail are other industries that are having to make rapid changes to meet the now-constant threat of cyberattack. Due to this rising crisis, it’s anticipated  more than 3.5 million jobs in the field will be unfilled as of 2021

Cyber security bootcamp is a great way to use a portion of GI bill benefits to make a big career shift into cybersecurity jobs and translate that effort into a high salary. Plus, there are five key ways your military background will be seen as a benefit by potential employers across industries.

1 You are used to military style intensity

Cyber security is a high stakes field with a critical mission protecting civilians and businesses from harm through cybercrime. Whether there is a any type of attack i.e.  data breach, ransomware, or another form of systems attack, cyber security professionals are on the front lines to protect and minimize attack. Some of the most harmful types of cyberattack have also become the most common:

  • Phishing Attack: a hacker poses as a trusted organization to steal information. This is the common way of attack ,through this attacker get the data or credentials  of of victims
  • Malware or Ransomware: a malicious program infiltrates a device to achieve criminal goals
  • Online Credential Breach: leaked passwords put users at risk of compromise .After leaking the password or user id all the data of victims  ,all the data can be access by attacker.

2  You are dedicated toward  job

At its core, cyber security is a profession of service. This industry is dedicated to protecting those at risk and serving the good of the people a common value of your military service. As first step of military is keep the hide data  form anyone even form the family .This shows the huge dedication toward job. They will always show positive attitude toward job and they will work on even any condition ,they will give their first priority to job .

3 You are adaptable

Veterans are used to adapting to new orders, circumstances of living, and colleagues on a regular basis. Cybersecurity is also a field that requires an adaptable work style. University of Maryland reports that hackers attack every 39 seconds, and no matter where you end up working, your organization could become the next target. That means the long term project you planned to work on that day might take a back seat, while you are also expected to pick up right where you left off once the immediate threat is resolved.  every day we will get the new challenges in work ,cyber security is just keep himself  upto date.  It’s certainly exciting and if you like to adapt to new challenges every day, it just might be the field for you.

4 you are comfortable  to work in team.

The science of teams in the military has been studied, published on, and even inspired a lot of the best-practices that civilian organizations use today. Unlike professionals from a different type of background, you know the success of the mission is more important than any one person’s ego. Though it may not always be easy to work on a team, in an industry like cyber security, it’s essential.

This even applies to the prevention of cybercrime to begin with. When one individual is blamed for the data breach, like the Equifax data breach in 2017, it’s often to cover up that the organization as a whole made mistakes. And, it makes it hard to move forward as a team to do better in the future. Your military mindset and focus on outcomes, not excuses, will help other civilian employees do better as you lead by example.

5 You are trained to fighting  an adversary

Fighting an adversary means being able to think like they do. In combat, this means anticipating the strategy and next steps of an enemy organization. In cybersecurity jobs, it means doing the same against tens of thousands such hostile organizations. Symantec reported that in 2019, its sensors blocked 142 million threats per day and that’s just one cybersecurity company.

In this environment, the knowledge of strategy and mindset of perseverance that come with being a veteran put you ahead of the curve. Cybersecurity training helps you achieve the practical skills to support the mental best practices you have already developed.

 

 

10 Reasons Why Cyber Certifications Are Worth It.

Why cybersecurity certifications worth the effort?

Cybersecurity certifications are worth because  the effort if you use them as a  extra supplement to other qualifications on your resume.  Only having certifications on a resume is an indication to employers that your knowledge is not based on experience but certification show your knowledge as well experience. In other words, certifications are worth that effort, but they are not the only thing that will require your time and effort while you are building your cybersecurity career. Through doing the cyber Security certification only student as well professional can enhance their knowledge and any can begin there carrier in cyber security world. through cyber Security we can also get the chance to work with many international company. Here we will explain you the 10 Reasons Why Cyber Certifications Are Worth It

10 Reasons Why Cyber Certifications Are Worth It

 Benefits of getting a certification on Cyber Security .

1:Unlimited Career Growth Options

Cyber Security is expanding its growth  in various industries. As the world is moving in the online platform then their is maximum chances of attack by some unknow body (cyber attack). so need the professional to overcome with this issue.  This makes sure that is a perfect platform for growth in terms of career as well as learning opportunities. These days, cyber attacks are getting smarter and faster. This arises the need for Cyber Security professionals to outsmart the hackers at a much more faster pace. Businesses and governments are dependent on them for analyzing & minimizing risk along with combating cyber attacks and preventing all types of vulnerabilities. Tackling the cyber attacks are an outcome of continuous study, comprehensive research & optimal execution. This proves that when you learn Cyber Security, you will be continuously knowing new things and gaining rich experience which is an add-on to your skill set.

2:  Certifications show a level of accomplishment and perseverance.

Everyone knows that earning a certification takes work, so having certificate help the   student to  convey a level of commitment to your career and knowledge base.  This is especially important as you start your career and  through that only student show on carrier focus to the particular company .  Having a certification shows you’re serious about your career field.

3:Opportunities to work with High Profile Agencies

One of the best things about being a Cyber Security professional is that your chances of working with some of the best  companies  in the world increases. There is no restriction on the number of the organization that you can work with. The demand for Cyber Security professionals has considerably increased across the globe. . It has to be noted that the potential does not end here, experts in Cyber Security might also get the chance to work with some of the top-notch secret government & intelligence agencies like NSA, CBI and many more agency  along with Central Intelligence Agency, Department of Defense & various banks.

4:Requirements are Basic for cyber Security certification

if anyone , think that building a career in Cyber Security is  difficult  then it is  possibly wrong. To become a Cyber Security professional, you absolutely don’t have to go to some college for a 4-year degree course or get a  year of experience. You can step up in the Cyber Security domain as a professional with some knowledge of computer science and by doing the cyber certification course. The Cyber Security certification will help you to gain Cyber Security knowledge and as well as the strategy of building their  carrier  in Cyber Security word . After  getting a certification in Cyber Security as it helps to increases your resume value  and get the license to rule over the cyber security world  . The eligibility criterion for getting a certification in Cyber Security is just basic only the knowledge IT field and how does this done work in this cyber world  .If you are a fresher or even a college student, you can go forward  with this career without really worrying about anything just keep in mind that you can do the work with whole efficiency .

5:  Certifications can be used to negotiate a raise or promotion.

As certification is one of the most important factor in hike in salary as well as position in the company , as it show that employ have skilled their knowledge by getting the certification. Through certification only we can show able to show our knowledge and after showing our knowledge we can get increment in salary as well as post in the company. if we are switching to other company our first impression is our certificate which show our developed and skilled knowledge .

6:A Chance to Work with Secret Agencies

It’s certain that Cybersecurity Professionals have a clear shot at working with prestigious fortune 500 companies like Dell, Accenture, InfoTech and many more, but the potential doesn’t end there. Experts who prove to be worthy of their skills might earn the chance to work with top-secret government agencies and intelligence agencies eg MI6, Mossad, NSA. So if you learn cybersecurity, After doing the certification in the cyber security domain we getting the chance to work with the secret agency as well as the defense sector .we can also get the chance to work with the govt project in security field .

7: Doing Good Work While Making Good Money

How many jobs offer the kind of high pay and exciting challenge as cyber security? As i can say no other job as like doing the work in cyber security world . As a professional trained in this field, your job will be safe if you are update your self with the new cyber security knowledge .  As by U.S. News and World Report ranks Information Security Analyst job number 7 out of the 10 best technology jobs of 2017. You should also consider cyber security training if you’re looking for a safe  job with good pay from the very start. Entry-level professionals who have earned a certification can earn close to maximum  in their first job. The median annual salary is $90,000 with higher salaries paid in tech hubs like San Francisco. Chief Information Security Officers (CISO) can earn upwards of $1 million this is just as on record data their is huge demand for this in cyber security world  as freshers as well as professional.

8.A certification can keep your employer on their toes.

Several times in  career I’ve followed the playbook of earning a certification on my own time and with my own money, all without letting my employer in on my intentions.  After I earned the certification, I would forward them the email confirmation or let them know verbally   In these scenarios, you can start to see the wheels turn as they wonder when you completed the certification, why you’re improving yourself and what your intentions are.

9.Certifications can be a differentiator.  

Certifications can be a differentiator between you and someone else competing for the same position.  many company were seeing that if any one had done the certification course then he will get extra privilege’s for that post . Employer used the certification as the deciding factor.  For those attending college, I always recommend that they also pursue a certification because the certification serves as a point of difference between them and other college graduates.so we can say that certification is one of the deciding factor for any job.

10.A lot of employers place high value.  

Not by  employers are showed  by certifications, but there are still A LOT of employers that are impressed by certificate.  Even in many the  Department like in  Defense has established baseline certifications for their personnel, such as the CompTIA Security+ for many of the security and intelligences any many more   Some employers even give preference to  the certifications over a college degree as it shows that employ having the extra knowledge by the doing the certification course.

 

Malware Inside Anti-Virus – ICSS

Cyber is not always fun, so today, let’s take a look at a term that keeps a lot of security professionals up at night; especially of a Malware inside antivirus.

Malware:

****Malware is malicious software that is a cover-up term for viruses, worms, trojans, and other harmful computer programs hackers use this for destruction and gaining access to victims’ sensitive information. In other words, the software is identified as malware based on its intended use, rather than a particular technique or technology used to build it.

So now you all will think what is the difference between Malware and Virus? So the Answer is very Clear, a virus is a type of malware, so all viruses are malware (but not every piece of malware is a virus).

Let’s see where are the places these malware actually hides :

Malware Inside Antivirus

Now Let’s see how Antivirus Software work :

Antivirus software works by scanning files or code that’s being passed through network traffic. Companies who build this software compile an extensive database of already known viruses and malware and teach the software how to detect flags, and remove them.

When files, programs, and applications are moving in and out of any computer, the antivirus compares them to its pre defined database to find matches. Matches that are similar or identical to the database are scanned, and removed.

While you can adjust settings so that the antivirus can runs automatic scans of the computer system for malicious files, you can also opt-in for manual scans, which let you sit and see in real-time which malicious files are found and being neutralized.

Some antivirus software will ask for permissions before “cleaning” a file to remove malicious code. If you prefer a hands-off approach, you can still adjust the settings so the software automatically removes the malicious files.

Most antivirus software performs the same functions, so choosing between one brand and another shouldn’t be that complex decision.

Exploiting :

Antivirus software does not offer any protection against attacks of vulnerable network services, for example, an outdated web server. Because in such attacks, malicious code, so-called shellcode, is directly loaded into the main memory of the affected system and executed there, for example by exploiting a buffer overflow vulnerability. Thus, there is no file containing the malicious code within the file system of the target system that could be found by the usual malware detection mechanisms of antivirus software.

Now let’s dig into Why these Malware Hide inside an Antivirus Software :

If anyone wants to inject malware into your system what will be the easiest way for him? The Answer will be they will pretend to be nice to you and say to you, “Hay! you don’t have antivirus in your system someone can inject malware into your system so before they do that Install an Antivirus it will protect your System. If you don’t mind you can use my Antivirus for free”. It’s Human nature that whenever someone hears that this trusted person is giving something for free that too for their own good. In this situation when the victim trust and installs the antivirus which is embedded with malware the malware inside that get triggered and doesn’t let the antivirus software get installed. At this time you will not understand why this is happening. But you already become a victim of the attack.

Now How you can Protect yourself from Such attacks :

  • The most Important thing is Never Never Never Download anything from an unknown Site.
  • If someone offers you a free Software never take from them and better search for their official site and Download from there.
  • Scan full system twice a week. This will help your system from Malware and other Different types of Attacks.

Web Application Firewall Service in India by Indian Cyber Security Solutions in partnership with Prophaze.

Your web applications are constantly under threat from hackers who target critical customer data like personal details and financial information. Indian Cyber Security Solutions Web Application Firewall Service Providers in India (WAF), in partnership with Prophaze Technologies helps you detect and block unauthorized intrusions such as SQL Injection, Cross-site Scripting (XSS), illegal resource access, malicious bots, and other OWASP threats that can be a prone to your organisation. Delivered to customers as a complete managed service, WAF gives you a simple and cost effective solution to manage your web application security. As a Web Application Firewall Vendors in India, A complete managed service offer from Indian Cyber Security Solutions enables you to concentrate on strategic business activities, instead of dealing with security and compliance issues. Key features of Web Application Firewall Service from Indian Cyber Security Solutions in partnership with Prophaze Technologies, include:

  • Out of the box compliance with PCI DSS 6.6 standards
  • Access to global Security Intelligence by Indian Cyber Security Solutions
  • upgrade to advanced DDOS Protection and Web App Penetration Testing
  • Webserver Platform Independent

Web Application Firewall Service Providers in India

Dedicated Web Application Firewall Service from Indian Cyber Security Solutions

The Web Application Firewall Service (WAF) from Indian Cyber Security Solutions in partnership with Prophaze Technologies helps enterprises with dedicated Web Application Firewall (WAF) solutions which can be customized as per the customer’s infrastructure requirement. As a Web Application Firewall Service Providers in India, Indian Cyber Security Solutions in partnership with Prophaze Technologies provides support (to management for complex security problems thus making your affair for the day to day work easy.

About Web Application Firewall Services from Indian Cyber Security Solutions in partnership with Prophaze Technologies.

A Web Application Firewall (WAF) is described to be a specific form of Application Firewall, this means that it filters out, monitors the system, and blocks the HTTP traffic to and from a web service. There are high chances of Web Applications being compromised as well as data being hacked such as other OWASP threats. Our work as a Web Application Firewall Service Providers in India is to offer secured Web Security Services to your devices and avoid the possibilities of any ransomware attack.

The OWASP vulnerabilities are:

  • Injection – Injection happens when a hacker does sends an invalid data to the web application with the intention to make it do something that the application has not designed/programmed to do. This circumstance must be avoided, so the preferred option is to use a safe API. Indian Cyber Security Solutions in partnership with Prophaze Technologies provides clients API connections that are safe and reliable.
  • Broken Authentication – This can allow an attacker to use manual or automatic methods to access control in any account/system they wish to enter. Indian cyber Security Solutions in partnership with Prophaze Technologies reaches out to clients in providing access to external security audits and enough time to properly test the code before deploying to production.
  • Sensitive Data Exposure – This is one of the most widespread vulnerabilities on the OWASP list. Things like Credentials, Credit card numbers, Social Security Numbers, Medical information are easy to target to attain other important data. In order to prevent any such data theft is to make sure to encrypt all sensitive data at rest.
  • XML External Entity – This attack is against an application that parses XML input. This attack occurs when XML input containing a reference to an external entity is processed by a weakly configured XML parser. In order to prevent in XML site attack, use less complex data formats to avoid serialization of sensitive data and use of SAST tools can help detect XXE in source code
  • Broken Access Control – This refers to no limit imposed on the number of reach a user has access to the site. In order to avoid the risks of broken access control do take regular Auditing tests of your sites. Indian Cyber Security Solutions provides quality auditing services of websites to organisations.
  • Security Misconfiguration – These security breach can happen at any level of an application stack, such as Network services, Platform, Web server, Application server and many more. In order to avoid such misconguration, it is better to have an automated process to verify the effectiveness of the configurations and settings in all environments.
  • Cross Site Scripting – It is a widespread vulnerability that affects many web applications. XSS attacks consist of injecting malicious client-side scripts into a website and using the website as a propagation method. To prevent such things, using frameworks that automatically escape XSS by design, such as the latest Ruby on Rails, React JS. 

Web Application Firewall Vendors in India by Indian Cyber Security Solutions in Partnership with Prophaze Technologies

Protection

The Website Application Firewall is a cloud-based WAF that stops website hacks and attacks. As a Web Application Service Vendors in India we continue our research to improve our detection and mitigation of evolving threats, and you can add your own custom rules.

  • Instantly Block Hackers
  • DDoS Mitigation and Prevention
  • Virtual Patching and Hardening
  • Protect Brand Reputation
  • Prevent Zero-Day Exploits

Advantage of Using Web Application Service From Indian Cyber Security Solutions

  • Industry Leading Research – Indian Cyber Security Solutions extensively research website hacks and build security tools that respond to a constantly evolving world of cyber threats. As a Web Application Firewall Service Providers in India, we ensure that 99% of malicious attacks are blocked before reaching your website.
  • Built for your Website -Irrespective on how your website was built. Whether it has a CMS or custom code, your web server and database is safe with us. Viruses are quarantined before reaching your website.
  • Easy Setup – No complicated configuration or installation. You can set it and forget it, or customize freely. We are here to help you at every step. In addition to this, we protect your WordPress or Joomla website from common website attacks like SQL injections

How do Authentication process Work?

What do you mean by Authentication?

Authentication is the process of recognizing a user’s identity. It is the mechanism of associating an incoming request with a set of identifying credentials. The credentials provided are compared to those on a file in a database of the authorized user’s information on a local operating system or within an authentication server. The authentication process always runs at the start of the application, before the permission and throttling checks occur, and before any other code is allowed to proceed. Different systems may require different types of credentials to ascertain a user’s identity. The credential often takes the form of a password, which is a secret and known only to the individual and the system. Three categories in which someone may be authenticated are: something the user knows, something the user is, and something the user has. In this blog, you will know about Authentication Process and How do Authentication Process work.

How do Authentication Process work

How authentication is used

User authentication occurs within most human-to-computer interactions outside of guest accounts, automatically logged-in accounts and kiosk computer systems. Generally, a user has to choose a username or user ID and provide a valid password to begin using a system. User authentication authorizes human-to-machine interactions in operating systems and applications, as well as both wired and wireless networks to enable access to networked and internet-connected systems, applications and resources.

Many companies use authentication to validate users who log into their websites. Without the right security measures, user data, such as credit and debit card numbers, as well as Social Security numbers, could get into the hands of cybercriminals.

Types of Authentication methods

Traditional authentication depends on the use of a password file, in which user IDs are stored together with hashes of the passwords associated with each user. When logging in, the password submitted by the user is hashed and compared to the value in the password file. If the two hashes match, the user is authenticated.

Method of Authentication are:-

  • Two-factor authentication — Two-factor authentication adds an extra layer of protection to the process of authentication. 2FA requires that a user provide a second authentication factor in addition to the password. 2FA systems often require the user to enter a verification code received via text message on a preregistered mobile phone, or a code generated by an authentication application.
  • Multifactor authentication — Multifactor authentication requires users to authenticate with more than one authentication factor, including a biometric factor like fingerprint or facial recognition, a possession factor like a security key fob or a token generated by an authenticator app.
  • One-time password — A one-time password is an automatically generated numeric or alphanumeric string of characters that authenticates a user. This password is only valid for one login session or transaction, and is usually used for new users, or for users who lost their passwords and are given a one-time password to log in and change to a new password.
  • Three-factor authentication — Three-factor authentication (3FA) is a type of MFA that uses three authentication factors, usually a knowledge factor (password) combined with a possession factor (security token) and inherence factor (biometric).
  • Biometrics — While some authentication systems can depend solely on biometric identification, biometrics are usually used as a second or third authentication factor. The more common types of biometric authentication available include fingerprint scans, facial or retina scans and voice recognition.
  • Mobile authentication — Mobile authentication is the process of verifying user via their devices or verifying the devices themselves. This lets users log into secure locations and resources from anywhere. The mobile authentication process involves multifactor authentication that can include one-time passwords, biometric authentication or QR code validation.
  • Continuous authentication — With continuous authentication, instead of a user being either logged in or out, a company’s application continually computes an “authentication score” that measures how sure it is that the account owner is the individual who’s using the device.
  • API authentication — The standard methods of managing API authentication are: HTTP basic authentication; API keys and OAuth.
  • Open Authorization (OAuth) is an open standard for token-based authentication and authorization on the internet. OAuth allows a user’s account information to be used by third-party services, such as Facebook, without exposing the user’s password. OAuth acts as an intermediary on behalf of the user, providing the service with an access token that authorizes specific account information to be shared.

How authentication works

During authentication, credentials provided by the user are compared to those on file in a database of authorized users’ information either on the local operating system or through an authentication server. If the credentials match, and the authenticated entity is authorized to use the resource, the process is completed and the user is granted access. The permissions and folders returned define both the environment the user sees and the way he can interact with it, including hours of access and other rights such as the amount of resource storage space.

Traditionally, authentication was accomplished by the systems or resources being accessed; for example, a server would authenticate users using its own password system, implemented locally, using login IDs and passwords. Knowledge of the login credentials is assumed to guarantee that the user is authentic. Each user registers initially (or is registered by someone else, such as a systems administrator), using an assigned or self-declared password. On each subsequent use, the user must know and use the previously declared password.

However, the web’s application protocols, HTTP and HTTPS, are stateless, meaning that strict authentication would require end users reauthenticate each time they access a resource using HTTPS. Rather than burden end users with that process for each interaction over the web, protected systems often rely on token-based authentication, in which authentication is performed once at the start of a session. The authenticating system issues a signed authentication token to the end-user application, and that token is appended to every request from the client.

Entity authentication for systems and processes can be carried out using machine credentials that work like a user’s ID and password, except the credentials are submitted automatically by the device in question. They may also use digital certificates that were issued and verified by a certificate authority as part of a public key infrastructure to authenticate an identity while exchanging information over the internet.

 

About Indian Cyber Security Solutions

Since the Global Pandemic, there has been a rise in the demand of a proper professional Penetration Testing Professionals. We at Indian Cyber Security Solutions have been looking at Multi-National Companies demand and have been focusing to impart training and education knowledge to students who are interested in  Network Penetration Testing. With Penetration Testing Service Providers in India by Indian Cyber Security Solutions, we enable an individual to become highly proficient in Ethical Hacking.

ICSS has secured 300+ website and web-based applications worldwide and gained considerable experience backed by qualified professions with certifications on CISSP, ISO-27001 Lead Auditor, and Certified Ethical Hacker. However, if you want to become a professional in the field of  Network Penetration Testing, do join Indian Cyber Security Solutions. Although you know that there are many institutes that offer this training, Indian Cyber Security Solutions stands apart from these institutes due to our commitment in training students.

Also as an Education Institute, we provide Cyber Security Training to students as well and as many as One hundred thousand students have enrolled at the Indian Cyber Security Solutions, with many having pass the exams and becoming a cyber security professional.

With this we have been acknowledged as “One of the best Cyber Security Training Institute in India” by Silicon India, as well as the “Top 20 Tech Brands of 2021 in India” by Business Connect. Our achievements not only ends here, as we have added another feather to our institute as “10 Best Security Solutions Provider” by Industry Era. With our achievements, we strive to work hard more to impart the right cyber security knowledge to students so as to improve the cyber security infrastructure of our society.

 

Facts about DarkSide Ransomware Attack – ICSS

What is Ransomware Attack?

Ransomware is a form of malware that encrypts a victim’s files. The attacker then demands a ransom from the victim to restore access to the data upon payment. In most cases, ransomware infection occurs as follows. The malware first gains access to the device. Depending on the type of ransomware, either the entire operating system or individual files are encrypted. A ransom is then demanded from the victim. If you want to minimize the risk of a ransomware attack, you should rely on high-quality ransomware protection software.

 

How Ransomware works

There are a number of vectors ransomware can take to access a computer. One of the most common delivery systems is phishing spam — attachments that come to the victim in an email, masquerading as a file they should trust. Once they’re downloaded and opened, they can take over the victim’s computer, especially if they have built-in social engineering tools that trick users into allowing administrative access. Some other, more aggressive forms of ransomware, like NotPetya, exploit security holes to infect computers without needing to trick users.

 

There are several things the malware might do once it’s taken over the victim’s computer, but by far the most common action is to encrypt some or all of the user’s files. If you want the technical details, the Infosec Institute has a great in-depth look at how several flavors of ransomware encrypt files. But the most important thing to know is that at the end of the process, the files cannot be decrypted without a mathematical key known only by the attacker. The user is presented with a message explaining that their files are now are now inaccessible and will only be decrypted if the victim sends an untraceable Bitcoin payment to the attacker.

 

In some forms of malware, the attacker might claim to be a law enforcement agency shutting down the victim’s computer due to the presence of pornography or pirated software on it, and demanding the payment of a “fine,” perhaps to make victims less likely to report the attack to authorities. But most attacks don’t bother with this pretense. There is also a variation, called leakware or doxware, in which the attacker threatens to publicize sensitive data on the victim’s hard drive unless a ransom is paid. But because finding and extracting such information is a very tricky proposition for attackers, encryption ransomware is by far the most common type.

 

Who is a target for ransomware?

There are several different ways attackers choose the organizations they target with ransomware. Sometimes it’s a matter ofopportunity: for instance, attackers might target universities because they tend to have smaller security teams and a disparate user base that does a lot of file sharing, making it easier to penetrate their defenses. On the other hand, some organizations are tempting targets because they seem more likely to pay a ransom quickly. For instance, government agencies or medical facilities often need immediate access to their files. Law firms and other organizations with sensitive data may be willing to pay to keep news of a compromise quiet — and these organizations may be uniquely sensitive to leakware attacks. But don’t feel like you’re safe if you don’t fit these categories: as we noted, some ransomware spreads automatically and indiscriminately across the internet.

 

How to prevent ransomware ?

There are a number of defensive steps you can take to prevent ransomware infection. These steps are a of course good security practices in general, so following them improves your defenses from all sorts of attacks:

  • Keep you operating system patched and up-to-date to ensure you have fewer vulnerabilities to exploit.
  • Don’t install software or give it administrative privileges unless you know exactly what it is and what it does.
  • Install antivirus software, which detects malicious programs like ransomware as they arrive, and whitelisting software, which prevents unauthorized applications from executing in the first place.
  • And, of course, back up your files, frequently and automatically that won’t stop a malware attack, but it can make the damage caused by one much less significant.

Ransomware examples:

While ransomware has technically been around since the ’90s, it’s only taken off in the past five years or so, largely because of the availability of untraceable payment methods like Bitcoin. Some of the worst offenders have been:

  • CryptoLocker, a 2013 attack, launched the modern ransomware age and infected up to 500,000 machines at its height.
  • TeslaCrypt targeted gaming files and saw constant improvement during its reign of terror.
  • SimpleLocker was the first widespread ransomware attack that focused on mobile devices
  • WannaCry spread autonomously from computer to computer using EternalBlue, an exploit developed by the NSA and then stolen by hackers.
  • NotPetya also used EternalBlue and may have been part of a Russian-directed cyberattack against Ukraine and many more.

About Indian Cyber Security Solutions

Since the Global Pandemic, there has been a rise in the demand of a proper professional Penetration Testing Professionals. We at Indian Cyber Security Solutions have been looking at Multi-National Companies demand and have been focusing to impart training and education knowledge to students who are interested in Penetration Testing. With Penetration Testing Service Providers in India by Indian Cyber Security Solutions, we enable an individual to become highly proficient in Ethical Hacking.

ICSS has secured 300+ website and web-based applications worldwide and gained considerable experience backed by qualified professions with certifications on CISSP, ISO-27001 Lead Auditor, and Certified Ethical Hacker. However, if you want to become a professional in the field of Penetration Testing, do join Indian Cyber Security Solutions. Although you know that there are many institutes that offer this training, Indian Cyber Security Solutions stands apart from these institutes due to our commitment in training students.

Also as an Education Institute, we provide Cyber Security Training to students as well and as many as One hundred thousand students have enrolled at the Indian Cyber Security Solutions, with many having pass the exams and becoming a cyber security professional.

With this we have been acknowledged as “One of the best Cyber Security Training Institute in India” by Silicon India, as well as the “Top 20 Tech Brands of 2021 in India” by Business Connect. Our achievements not only ends here, as we have added another feather to our institute as “10 Best Security Solutions Provider” by Industry Era. With our achievements, we strive to work hard more to impart the right cyber security knowledge to students so as to improve the cyber security infrastructure of our society.